Writing a method that takes an integer, and returns it's factorial

 

Sometimes, when being interviewed for a job as a software developer, you’ll be asked a question such as “write a method that takes an integer as a parameter, and returns it’s factorial.”

For example, the factorial of 3 is represented as “3!”, which is calculated via 3*2*1, which equals 6. 4! is 4*3*2*1, which is 24, etc.

Putting aside whether these kinds of questions should be asked in an interview, if they’re asking you this, there’s a fairly high likelihood they’re asking for you to show that you understand recursion. If that’s the case, no problem, something like this will calculate the factorial:

let rec factorial n =
    match n with
    | 0 | 1 -> 1
    | n when n > 0 && n <= 12 -> n * factorial (n - 1)
    | _ -> failwith "Parameter n is out of the supported range. Must be between 0 and 12."

This can be run in the F# interactive shell via:

> factorial 3;;
val it : int = 6

But what if they want to find out whether you:

  1. Understand recursion, and…
  2. Know when you can avoid recursion, and just write simple methods instead.

 

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CloudFlare S3 Website Error: 502 - Bad Gateway

 

I recently migrated my mattbutton.com blog away from Wordpress hosting in favor of a static site generated by Hugo, hosted on Amazon S3.

Initially, I hosted the static site via Aerobatic.io, who recently removed their free tier, and started charging $15 per month for hosting with a custom domain.. 50% more than the $10 per month I was previously paying for Hostgator Wordpress hosting. Unless I have certain specific requirements, I can’t justfy that kind of cost to host a static site.

Aerobatic.io are using Amazon S3 and Amazon CloudFront behind the scenes, so I decided to cut out the middle-man, set it up myself, and save nearly $15 per month.

Setting up the S3 bucket to host my site was fine. For the CDN/SSL side of things I initially tried using CloudFront because most of the AWS Hugo Hosting, HowTo guides were using it.

When trying to set up CloudFront via my personal AWS account, I got an error saying a distribution already exists for mattbutton.com. The reason for this error is because Aerobatic.io had already created a CloudFront distribution pointing to their own S3 bucket. CloudFront isn’t an option for me until Aerobatic.io delete their mattbutton.com CloudFront distribution.

I still wanted to use SSL, and had decided on setting up mattbutton.com with it mainly out of interest, partly because Google uses HTTPS as a ranking signal, and partly because Chrome will eventually show a Not Secure warning for all pages served over HTTP.

Since AWS CloudFront wasn’t an option, I decided on using the CloudFlare free plan for SSL and CDN. Everything went well, until I encountered a CloudFlare 502 Bad Gateway error page:

Cloudflare 502 Bad Gateway

I wasn’t having any luck searching for a solution to this error for this particular error. Fortunately, there’s a simple fix, if you know what you’re looking for, and you’re happy with the trade-offs involved.

 

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Where I say goodbye to New Zealand, hello to Japan, and hello to Pocari Sweat

 
I flew out of Wellington on 20th of July, 2016, in the middle of a bitter winter, for a two week adventure around Japan (Tokyo -> Takayama -> Kanazawa -> Hiroshima -> Kyoto), followed by four weeks in Thailand (Bangkok -> Chiang Mai -> Koh Phangan -> Koh Tao). This was the longest trip I’ve been on as an adult, and was also my first time solo traveling outside of New Zealand.
 

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Traveling light on a six week trip around Japan and Thailand, in 2016

 

Whenever I travel, I keep my luggage as light as possible, traveling with carry-on only; everything fits inside a 38 litre backpack, usually with room to spare, and this trip was no exception.

My entire set of luggage, for my 2016, six week trip around Japan and Thailand, weighed about 6kg (14lb). During my trip, I picked up a few more things, which pushed the total weight up to about 7kg, which was still within the carry-on weight allowance.

 

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Creating comparison charts for stocks with FSharp Charting, Deedle and Yahoo Finance

 

When you want to visualize how a stock or portfolio has performed historically relative to the market as a whole, it is useful to create a comparison chart.

This blog shows how to create a line chart to compare two stocks with Deedle, FSharp Charting and F# Data.

In this example, the chart will show the perfomance of ANZ.AX relative to the ASX ALL ORDINARIES index ([^AORD]5) over a three year period from 2011-1-1 to 2014-1-1.

 

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A Basic Stock Trading Backtesting System for F# using Ta-Lib and FSharp.Data

 

This article is written for the intermediate F# audience who has a basic familiarity of stock trading and technical analysis, and is intended to show the basics of implementing a backtesting system in F#.

If you’re an F# beginner it may not take too long for you to get up to speed on the concepts if you check out a few resources. In particular:

The backtesting strategy which you will implement is a simple SMA crossover where the fast line is 10 bars and the slow one 25. When the fast line crosses above the slow line, a buy signal will be triggered, and when the fast line cross below the slow line, a sell signal will be triggered. Only one long position will exist at any time, so the system will not trigger another buy order until after the long position is sold. Feel free to get in touch and send through any improvements, questions or corrections.

 

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NullReferenceException when model binding strings after upgrading from ASP.NET MVC 1 to ASP.NET MVC 2

 

When migrating a site from ASP.NET MVC 1 to ASP.NET MVC 2, you can generally follow the instructions in http://www.asp.net/whitepapers/what-is-new-in-aspnet-mvc#_TOC2, taking note of any breaking changes. This will take you most of the way there, however there are a few undocumented issues which you may uncover if you’re migrating a site with a substantial amount of code.

By default, the ASP.NET MVC 1 model binder would initialize strings to string.Empty whereas ASP.NET MVC 2 will initialize strings as NULL. This is an undocumented breaking change and will be a problem if you have a substantial amount of code relying on the original behavior – code that was previously working in production will start throwing NullReferenceException.

To preserve the original MVC 1 model binder behaviour, consider creating default model binder such as the following:

 

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ASP.NET MVC - issues with binding a non-sequential list with the default model binder

 

For the ASP.NET MVC default model binder to bind a list successfully, the list must be sequential with unbroken indices.

For the following examples, the server side model will be

public class ItemsModel 
{
    public IList<string> Items { get; set; }
}

Non-sequential form submits when using indexes which don’t start from zero i.e. Item[2], Item[3], etc will result in incomplete form data being loaded by the model binder.

The following will not bind, and will result in the model being NULL:

<input type="text" name="Item[1].Name" value="Item1" />
<input type="text" name="Item[3].Name" value="Item2" />
<input type="text" name="Item[4].Name" value="Item3" />

 

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